The age of 3

In the 3rd year of life, that is between 2nd and 3rd birthday, is increasingly watching that peers children have different levels of development.

While some children already cheerfully talk the first words and small sentences of two or more words form, many parents are still your child begins speaking wait. If your child is not so well developed like others, you should not worry. Rather, you should trust that your offspring just takes time. If in doubt, let’s rule out organic causes of your pediatrician. Girls evolve in General faster than boys, but there is also the famous exceptions to the rule.

Physical development

Each day, your child will be independent. In the 3rd year of life, most children can eat alone and drink; the milk tooth dental is about fully developed between the 24th and the 30 months of life.

In addition, children learn to go largely independently on the pot or on the toilet. In the course of the third issue, they can better control bladder and intestines. That many children at this age a still wet, is however completely normal and no cause for concern, because the level of development of two gleichaltriger young children can vary considerably.

Alone attract

How adults are also the youngest dressed very differently in the public: what a chic find, others for stuffy, which considered a half as casual, consider which occurs inappropriately others. There is a major difference between parents and children in this matter, however: the great decide for themselves what they put on what occasions.

It can be found good reasons as parents that you decide what you want to wear your child. Children are often too cool or too warm attract, since they still not can estimate how hot or how cold it is outside. Or choose the good and expensive piece of clothing for the sand pit and dirty trousers for the visit with the grandparents.

Still, your child is just nothing on fashion and etiquette. However, it is advisable to leave the choice of clothing himself occasionally.

To develop an own taste, your child needs a minimum level of freedom of choice. This means that the colour composition of the garments must certainly once cause pain your eyes.

Your child should experience quiet every now and then, to select the ‘wrong’ (not weather-friendly) garments. Then, perhaps, it is a better decision next time.

The earlier your child learns to attract not only themselves, but to select his clothing alone, the sooner you need to no longer to worry about. This saves not only the nerves, but also saves a lot of time.

Learn Schnäuzen

Children four years are usually and older until they can schnäuzen their nose effectively and independently. Some learn it but earlier, and so it is important to teach them a most careful Schnäuz technique.

Your child should sniff out his nose not with violence, because this creates an internal pressure that may be ten times higher than in a strong sneeze in the nose. Thus a growing danger that infectious Nasenschleim in the sinuses is pressed and it comes to a sinus infection.

So better: the nose of your child comes in the middle of the handkerchief, a nostril is held to by an adult, then your child with closed mouth schnäuzt. In this way, you can get no nasal discharge in the inner ear passages. It is then the other nostril’s turn. The used handkerchief comes most immediately in the garbage. Then hand washing helps prevent that the snuff viruses are distributed everywhere.

You can practice also playfully the sneezing with their child, best if it is healthy: put a feather on a table top and try alternating with the child to blow away the spring with closed mouth. Variation: A nostril it keep to.

Spiritual development, emotions and learning

Your child has already a good sense of self in the 3rd year of life. It is increasing its self aware – and already very well knows what it wants. Between the second and third birthday, it uses “increasingly”my”and thy” and the own given name, until finally I-form is applied.

Space and time

The spatial reasoning is also increasing. Your child can now estimate, what does it mean when you stay in the neighbouring area of the apartment. It knows that you are then not impossibly far away from him. Also it starts building blocks not more just above or to arrange side by side, but both construction methods to combine, so spatial entities such as such as the small houses. His sense of time, however, is still not developed. With phrases like “I am back again in five minutes” your child in this stage of development cannot do anything.


Not only the sense of self, also the perception shapes from getting better. Her child is increasingly able to build relationships with other people, must have but always a caregiver as mother or father around them. So it hangs at that time like on your “easygoing” and depart not from your side. Often, also the linkage to a given subject, the so-called transitional object, can be observed. So, for example the cuddle blanket or the now popular Teddy enjoys.

Even if children at this age play yet not with each other, they are fond in company training. You imitate the behaviors of the other and play each on its own in the sandbox, for example side by side – first.

When the child (incorrectly) speaks

Children learn differently quickly speaking. Nevertheless, there are skills that reach a certain age – if there is no illness or disorder. Children differ significantly from their peers in their language development, a hearing loss is very common.

At the latest after her 2nd birthday children usually continuously expand their active and passive vocabulary – also if they do not correctly pronounce most words. Einwortsätzen are two word records, also the kids understand what they say to them more and more.

Birthday should be a child able to speak at least 50 words and make sentences from two to three words. Until the 3rd birthday, children should be at the booth, grammatically correctly pronounce sentences of up to six words.

Children hear sufficiently, they cannot name often things, which they actually already know. They are usually very resourceful to compensate for the missing hearing impressions by focus on the facial expressions and gestures of their opponents. For this reason, the problems of children affected are recognized often late.

Hearing loss are often symptoms or the result of lengthy and repeated ear or childhood diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, or Scarlet natively, in most cases however. Remains the problem of the hearing, although the acute disease is cured, child-friendly hearing aids can be used. Often, also a professional language support is very helpful, so that the children soon rapidly expand their language.

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